Waste to Hydrogen Market

Waste to Hydrogen Market Size by Technology (Anaerobic Digestion, Gasification and Pyrolysis), Waste Type (Biomass, Industrial Waste, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and Wastewater Treatment Residues), Application (Chemical Production, Power Generation, Transportation and Others), Regions, Global Industry Analysis, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2023 to 2032

Base Year: 2022 Historical Data: 2019-21
  • Report ID: TBI-13996
  • Published Date: Jan, 2024
  • Pages: 236
  • Category: Energy & Power
  • Format: PDF
Buy @ $4700.00 Request Sample PDF

The global Waste to Hydrogen market generated USD 4.62 billion revenue in 2022 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 22.59% from 2023 to 2032. The market is expected to reach USD 35.42 billion by 2032. The general public's growing awareness of environmental issues and concerns about climate change drives the demand for cleaner energy solutions. Waste to hydrogen, positioned as an eco-friendly and sustainable technology, gains support in this context. Furthermore, increasing public and private sector funding contributes to the growth of the waste-to-hydrogen market. Funding support for research, development, and commercialization of waste-to-hydrogen technologies accelerates their deployment.

Market Introduction:

Waste to hydrogen is an innovative and environmentally sustainable process that involves converting different waste materials into hydrogen gas. This advancing technology effectively tackles the challenges associated with waste management while meeting the increasing demand for clean and sustainable energy sources. Waste materials are transformed into hydrogen, a versatile and clean energy carrier, by employing various methods such as gasification, pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion. In the gasification process, solid waste undergoes controlled chemical reactions at high temperatures, producing syngas, which contain hydrogen. Pyrolysis involves the thermal decomposition of organic waste without oxygen, generating syngas, bio-oil, and char. Anaerobic digestion is a process that relies on microorganisms to decompose organic waste in the absence of oxygen, producing biogas that can be further refined to extract hydrogen. Waste to hydrogen not only provides a solution to the challenges of waste disposal but also offers a sustainable source of hydrogen, a clean fuel with various applications. The produced hydrogen can be utilized for power generation, as a fuel for transportation, or in industrial processes. This approach aligns with the goals of circular economy principles, promoting the efficient use of resources and reducing environmental impact. As technology advances and the importance of renewable energy grows, Waste to Hydrogen remains a promising avenue for achieving a more sustainable and energy-efficient future.

Waste to Hydrogen Market Size

Get an overview of this study by requesting a free sample

Recent Development
  • In December 2023: BEEAH Group has revealed its collaboration with Chinook Hydrogen and Air Water Gas Solutions to establish the world's first commercial super-green hydrogen facility. Following the achievement of a recently launched pilot plant in the United Kingdom, the planned plant aims to generate green hydrogen from solid waste. This groundbreaking process, characterized by a carbon-negative footprint, boasts one of the most economically efficient production costs globally.
  • In August 2023: Ways2H, headquartered in California, has recently disclosed its collaboration with h2e Power Systems Pvt. Ltd. based in Pune, India, to initiate commercial manufacturing operations in India. This venture aims to establish a production facility for Ways2H's exclusive thermochemical technology, designed to convert waste into carbon-negative renewable hydrogen while permanently sequestering carbon dioxide. The preliminary groundwork for this pioneering plant, located near Pune, Maharashtra, is already underway.
  • In June 2022: Egypt's Suez Canal Economic Zone (SCZONE) has entered into a MoU with H2 Industries to develop a waste-to-hydrogen plant, involving an estimated investment of USD 4 billion. The facility is projected to boast a production capability of 300,000 tonnes of green hydrogen yearly at a new greenfield location in East Port Said. The 1GW LOHC Hydrogen facility is designed to manage 4,000,000 tonnes of non-recyclable plastic and organic waste annually. Municipal solid waste collection will occur at the canal's Mediterranean entrance, and the transportation will be facilitated by a fleet of waste trucks powered by hydrogen.

Market Dynamics:


Increasing Focus on Sustainable Energy Sources - As global concerns over climate change and environmental sustainability rise, there is a growing emphasis on renewable and clean energy sources. Waste to hydrogen represents a sustainable method of producing clean fuel (hydrogen) using waste materials.

Government Initiatives and Policies - Supportive policies and government incentives are pivotal in driving the waste to the hydrogen market. Governments are implementing regulations to encourage the acceptance of renewable power sources and waste management technologies, providing financial incentives and subsidies.

Technological Advancements - Ongoing advancements in waste-to-hydrogen conversion technologies contribute to increased efficiency and cost-effectiveness. Innovations in gasification and pyrolysis enhance the feasibility of converting various types of waste into hydrogen.


High Initial Capital Costs - The upfront investment required to establish waste-to-hydrogen facilities, incorporate advanced technologies, and meet environmental standards can be substantial. This high capital cost may pose a barrier to entry for potential investors and hinder widespread adoption.

Infrastructure Development - The lack of a comprehensive infrastructure for collecting, transporting, and processing diverse waste streams poses a challenge. Developing the necessary infrastructure to support the entire waste-to-hydrogen supply chain may require significant investment and time.


Government Funding and Incentives - Governments worldwide offer financial incentives, grants, and subsidies to promote developing and adopting renewable energy technologies. The availability of government support presents opportunities for companies in the waste-to-hydrogen sector to secure funding for research, development, and commercialization.

Expansion of Circular Economy Practices - The circular economy concept, focused on reducing waste and maximizing resource efficiency, aligns well with waste-to-hydrogen technologies. Opportunities arise as industries and communities increasingly adopt circular economy practices, creating a demand for sustainable waste management solutions.

Partnerships and Collaborations - Collaborations between technology developers, waste management companies, and energy producers present opportunities for synergies. Partnerships can accelerate the integration of waste-to-hydrogen technologies into existing infrastructures and facilitate the development of comprehensive solutions.


Feedstock Variability and Quality - The variability and quality of waste feedstocks present challenges in maintaining efficient and stable waste-to-hydrogen processes. Inconsistent feedstock compositions can impact the overall efficiency and effectiveness of the conversion technologies.

Scale-Up Challenges - Scaling waste-to-hydrogen processes from laboratory or pilot projects to commercial-scale operations poses technical and logistical challenges. Ensuring scalability while maintaining efficiency is crucial for the technology to fulfil the demands of large-scale hydrogen production.

Regional segmentation analysis:

The regions analyzed for the market include North America, Europe, South America, Asia Pacific, the Middle East, and Africa. Europe emerged as the most prominent global Waste to Hydrogen market, with a 44.19% market revenue share in 2022.

European countries have been at the forefront of adopting and implementing ambitious climate and energy policies. The European Union, in particular, has set clear targets for lowering greenhouse gas emissions and boosting the share of renewable energy. These policies create a favourable environment for developing and adopting sustainable technologies like Waste to Hydrogen. Furthermore, Europe has set aggressive renewable energy targets, and hydrogen is key to achieving these goals. Waste to hydrogen aligns with the region's commitment to producing clean energy, reducing carbon emissions, and transitioning to a low-carbon economy. Additionally, European countries strongly focus on research and innovation and often invest significantly in developing new technologies. This commitment to innovation can lead to advancements in waste-to-hydrogen technologies, making them more efficient and economically viable. Moreover, Europe has been active in providing financial support, grants, and subsidies for projects related to renewable energy and clean technologies. Robust financial support can attract investments and accelerate the development and commercialization of waste-to-hydrogen projects. Besides, Europe has well-established waste management practices and regulations, which could provide a steady and diverse supply of waste feedstocks for hydrogen production. Efficient waste management infrastructure can be a key factor in the success of Waste to Hydrogen initiatives.

Europe Region Waste to Hydrogen Market Share in 2022 - 44.19%



Check the geographical analysis of this market by requesting a free sample

Technology Segment Analysis

The technology segment is classified into anaerobic digestion, gasification and pyrolysis. The gasification segment dominated the market, with a share of around 45.67% in 2022. Gasification processes can yield a high volume of hydrogen from various waste feedstocks. This efficiency in hydrogen production makes gasification an attractive technology for waste-to-hydrogen projects. In addition, gasification technology is versatile and can manage an expansive range of feedstocks, including municipal solid waste, biomass, and agricultural residues. This flexibility allows for the utilization of diverse waste materials in hydrogen production. Additionally, gasification produces syngas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The syngas can be further processed to extract pure hydrogen. The ability to generate syngas as an intermediate product makes gasification a key process in waste-to-hydrogen applications.

Waste Type Segment Analysis

The waste type segment is divided into biomass, industrial waste, municipal solid waste (MSW) and wastewater treatment residues. The municipal solid waste (MSW) segment dominated the market, with a share of around 42.31% in 2022. Municipal solid waste (MSW) is abundantly available in urban areas, making it a readily available and consistent feedstock for Waste to Hydrogen projects. The constant generation of MSW ensures a stable supply for hydrogen production. Furthermore, MSW is diverse, including organic materials, plastics, paper, and other waste components. The diversity allows for a broad range of feedstocks, and gasification or other conversion processes can extract hydrogen from these materials. Moreover, using MSW for hydrogen production can be integrated into existing waste management practices. This integration supports the circular economy concept by converting waste materials into a valuable energy resource.

Application Segment Analysis

The application segment includes chemical production, power generation, transportation and others. The power generation segment dominated the market, with a share of around 46.28% in 2022. Hydrogen from waste can serve as an energy storage solution, particularly for intermittent renewable energy sources like wind and solar. Power generation applications involve using stored hydrogen to balance energy demand and supply, enhancing the reliability and stability of power grids. Distributed power generation is also gaining prominence as an approach to decentralize energy production. When integrated into decentralized energy systems, waste-to-hydrogen technologies can contribute to reliable and resilient power generation. Similarly, industries with high power demands, such as manufacturing and processing, can benefit from hydrogen-based power generation. Waste-to-hydrogen technologies provide a sustainable solution for meeting the energy needs of industrial facilities.

Some of the Key Market Players:
  • Advanced Plasma Power
  • Air Liquide
  • BEEAH Group
  • Boson Energy SA
  • Chevron
  • Chinook Sciences
  • Charm Industrial
  • FuelCell Energy, Inc.
  • H2-Enterprises Group Inc.
  • h2e Power Systems Pvt. Ltd.
  • Hazer Group
  • H Cycle
  • Ki Hydrogen Ltd.
  • Nel Hydrogen
  • Plasma Gasification Corp.
  • PowerHouse Energy Group
  • Raven
  • SGH2 Energy
  • SUEZ Group
  • Siemens Energy
  • Waste2Tricity
  • Ways2H, Inc.

Report Description:

Attribute Description
Market Size Revenue (USD Billion)
Market size value in 2022 USD 4.62 Billion
Market size value in 2032 USD 35.42 Billion
CAGR (2023 to 2032) 22.59%
Historical data 2019-2021
Base Year 2022
Forecast 2023-2032
Region The regions analyzed for the market are Asia Pacific, Europe, South America, North America, and Middle East & Africa. Furthermore, the regions are further analyzed at the country level.
Segments Technology, Waste Type, and Application

Frequesntly Asked Questions

As per The Brainy Insights, the size of the waste to hydrogen market was valued at USD 4.62 billion in 2022 to USD 35.42 billion by 2032.

The global waste to hydrogen market is growing at a CAGR of 22.59% during the forecast period 2023-2032.

Europe became the largest market for waste to hydrogen.

Increasing focus on sustainable energy sources and government initiatives and policies drive the market's growth.

Request Table of Content


This study forecasts revenue at global, regional, and country levels from 2019 to 2032. The Brainy Insights has segmented the global Waste to Hydrogen market based on below-mentioned segments:

Global Waste to Hydrogen Market by Technology:

  • Anaerobic Digestion
  • Gasification            
  • Pyrolysis

Global Waste to Hydrogen Market by Waste Type:

  • Biomass
  • Industrial Waste
  • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) 
  • Wastewater Treatment Residues  

Global Waste to Hydrogen Market by Application:

  • Chemical Production
  • Power Generation         
  • Transportation
  • Others

Global Waste to Hydrogen Market by Region:

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • France
    • U.K.
    • Italy
    • Spain
  • Asia-Pacific
    • Japan
    • China
    • India
  • South America
    • Brazil
  • Middle East and Africa  
    • UAE
    • South Africa


Research has its special purpose to undertake marketing efficiently. In this competitive scenario, businesses need information across all industry verticals; the information about customer wants, market demand, competition, industry trends, distribution channels etc. This information needs to be updated regularly because businesses operate in a dynamic environment. Our organization, The Brainy Insights incorporates scientific and systematic research procedures in order to get proper market insights and industry analysis for overall business success. The analysis consists of studying the market from a miniscule level wherein we implement statistical tools which helps us in examining the data with accuracy and precision. 

Our research reports feature both; quantitative and qualitative aspects for any market. Qualitative information for any market research process are fundamental because they reveal the customer needs and wants, usage and consumption for any product/service related to a specific industry. This in turn aids the marketers/investors in knowing certain perceptions of the customers. Qualitative research can enlighten about the different product concepts and designs along with unique service offering that in turn, helps define marketing problems and generate opportunities. On the other hand, quantitative research engages with the data collection process through interviews, e-mail interactions, surveys and pilot studies. Quantitative aspects for the market research are useful to validate the hypotheses generated during qualitative research method, explore empirical patterns in the data with the help of statistical tools, and finally make the market estimations.

The Brainy Insights offers comprehensive research and analysis, based on a wide assortment of factual insights gained through interviews with CXOs and global experts and secondary data from reliable sources. Our analysts and industry specialist assume vital roles in building up statistical tools and analysis models, which are used to analyse the data and arrive at accurate insights with exceedingly informative research discoveries. The data provided by our organization have proven precious to a diverse range of companies, facilitating them to address issues such as determining which products/services are the most appealing, whether or not customers use the product in the manner anticipated, the purchasing intentions of the market and many others.

Our research methodology encompasses an idyllic combination of primary and secondary initiatives. Key phases involved in this process are listed below:


Data Procurement:

The phase involves the gathering and collecting of market data and its related information with the help of different sources & research procedures.

The data procurement stage involves in data gathering and collecting through various data sources.

This stage involves in extensive research. These data sources includes:

Purchased Database: Purchased databases play a crucial role in estimating the market sizes irrespective of the domain. Our purchased database includes:

  • The organizational databases such as D&B Hoovers, and Bloomberg that helps us to identify the competitive scenario of the key market players/organizations along with the financial information.
  • Industry/Market databases such as Statista, and Factiva provides market/industry insights and deduce certain formulations. 
  • We also have contractual agreements with various reputed data providers and third party vendors who provide information which are not limited to:
    • Import & Export Data
    • Business Trade Information
    • Usage rates of a particular product/service on certain demographics mainly focusing on the unmet prerequisites

Primary Research: The Brainy Insights interacts with leading companies and experts of the concerned domain to develop the analyst team’s market understanding and expertise. It improves and substantiates every single data presented in the market reports. Primary research mainly involves in telephonic interviews, E-mail interactions and face-to-face interviews with the raw material providers, manufacturers/producers, distributors, & independent consultants. The interviews that we conduct provides valuable data on market size and industry growth trends prevailing in the market. Our organization also conducts surveys with the various industry experts in order to gain overall insights of the industry/market. For instance, in healthcare industry we conduct surveys with the pharmacists, doctors, surgeons and nurses in order to gain insights and key information of a medical product/device/equipment which the customers are going to usage. Surveys are conducted in the form of questionnaire designed by our own analyst team. Surveys plays an important role in primary research because surveys helps us to identify the key target audiences of the market. Additionally, surveys helps to identify the key target audience engaged with the market. Our survey team conducts the survey by targeting the key audience, thus gaining insights from them. Based on the perspectives of the customers, this information is utilized to formulate market strategies. Moreover, market surveys helps us to understand the current competitive situation of the industry. To be precise, our survey process typically involve with the 360 analysis of the market. This analytical process begins by identifying the prospective customers for a product or service related to the market/industry to obtain data on how a product/service could fit into customers’ lives.

Secondary Research: The secondary data sources includes information published by the on-profit organizations such as World bank, WHO, company fillings, investor presentations, annual reports, national government documents, statistical databases, blogs, articles, white papers and others. From the annual report, we analyse a company’s revenue to understand the key segment and market share of that organization in a particular region. We analyse the company websites and adopt the product mapping technique which is important for deriving the segment revenue. In the product mapping method, we select and categorize the products offered by the companies catering to domain specific market, deduce the product revenue for each of the companies so as to get overall estimation of the market size. We also source data and analyses trends based on information received from supply side and demand side intermediaries in the value chain. The supply side denotes the data gathered from supplier, distributor, wholesaler and the demand side illustrates the data gathered from the end customers for respective market domain.

The supply side for a domain specific market is analysed by:

  • Estimating and projecting penetration rates through analysing product attributes, availability of internal and external substitutes, followed by pricing analysis of the product.
  • Experiential assessment of year-on-year sales of the product by conducting interviews.

The demand side for the market is estimated through:

  • Evaluating the penetration level and usage rates of the product.
  • Referring to the historical data to determine the growth rate and evaluate the industry trends

In-house Library: Apart from these third-party sources, we have our in-house library of qualitative and quantitative information. Our in-house database includes market data for various industry and domains. These data are updated on regular basis as per the changing market scenario. Our library includes, historic databases, internal audit reports and archives.

Sometimes there are instances where there is no metadata or raw data available for any domain specific market. For those cases, we use our expertise to forecast and estimate the market size in order to generate comprehensive data sets. Our analyst team adopt a robust research technique in order to produce the estimates:

  • Applying demographic along with psychographic segmentation for market evaluation
  • Determining the Micro and Macro-economic indicators for each region 
  • Examining the industry indicators prevailing in the market. 

Data Synthesis: This stage involves the analysis & mapping of all the information obtained from the previous step. It also involves in scrutinizing the data for any discrepancy observed while data gathering related to the market. The data is collected with consideration to the heterogeneity of sources. Robust scientific techniques are in place for synthesizing disparate data sets and provide the essential contextual information that can orient market strategies. The Brainy Insights has extensive experience in data synthesis where the data passes through various stages:

  • Data Screening: Data screening is the process of scrutinising data/information collected from primary research for errors and amending those collected data before data integration method. The screening involves in examining raw data, identifying errors and dealing with missing data. The purpose of the data screening is to ensure data is correctly entered or not. The Brainy Insights employs objective and systematic data screening grades involving repeated cycles of quality checks, screening and suspect analysis.
  • Data Integration: Integrating multiple data streams is necessary to produce research studies that provide in-depth picture to the clients. These data streams come from multiple research studies and our in house database. After screening of the data, our analysts conduct creative integration of data sets, optimizing connections between integrated surveys and syndicated data sources. There are mainly 2 research approaches that we follow in order to integrate our data; top down approach and bottom up approach.

Market Deduction & Formulation: The final stage comprises of assigning data points at appropriate market spaces so as to deduce feasible conclusions. Analyst perspective & subject matter expert based holistic form of market sizing coupled with industry analysis also plays a crucial role in this stage.

This stage involves in finalization of the market size and numbers that we have collected from data integration step. With data interpolation, it is made sure that there is no gap in the market data. Successful trend analysis is done by our analysts using extrapolation techniques, which provide the best possible forecasts for the market.

Data Validation & Market Feedback: Validation is the most important step in the process. Validation & re-validation via an intricately designed process helps us finalize data-points to be used for final calculations.

The Brainy Insights interacts with leading companies and experts of the concerned domain to develop the analyst team’s market understanding and expertise. It improves and substantiates every single data presented in the market reports. The data validation interview and discussion panels are typically composed of the most experienced industry members. The participants include, however, are not limited to:

  • CXOs and VPs of leading companies’ specific to sector
  • Purchasing managers, technical personnel, end-users
  • Key opinion leaders such as investment bankers, and industry consultants

Moreover, we always validate our data and findings through primary respondents from all the major regions we are working on.

Some Facts About The Brainy Insights


Free Customization


Fortune 500 Clients


Free Yearly Update On Purchase Of Multi/Corporate License


Companies Served Till Date