Space Agriculture Market

Space Agriculture Market Size by Type (Plant and Seed), Application (Scientific Research and Agriculture), Regions, Global Industry Analysis, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2024 to 2033

Base Year: 2023 Historical Data: 2020-22
  • Report ID: TBI-14262
  • Published Date: Apr, 2024
  • Pages: 236
  • Category: Aerospace & Defence
  • Format: PDF
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The global space agriculture market was valued at USD 5 billion in 2023 and grew at a CAGR of 10% from 2024 to 2033. The market is expected to reach USD 12.96 billion by 2033. The increasing funding for scientific research in agriculture will drive the growth of the global space agriculture market.

Market Introduction:

Space agriculture is also known as space farming or astroculture. It is the practice of cultivating plants in outer space environments to provide food, oxygen, and other resources for long-duration human space missions. It involves growing plants in controlled environments such as spacecraft, space stations, or extraterrestrial habitats like the Moon or Mars. It is performed in controlled environment conditions, closed-loop systems, and hydroponics and aeroponics due to the absence of soil. The importance of space agriculture lies in its ability to address the needs of astronauts during space missions and support sustainable human colonization efforts. It provides fresh food, oxygen generation through photosynthesis, and psychological benefits by offering a connection to nature. Moreover, space farming utilises local resources available on celestial bodies to support self-sustaining colonies. Space agriculture not only provides fresh food for astronauts but also serves as a subject for studying their growth behaviour in microgravity. The benefits of space agriculture include sustainable resource utilization, improved nutrition for astronauts, environmental control, and advancement of science.

Space Agriculture Market Size

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Recent Development
  • Pixxel Space India Pvt Ltd and the Union Agriculture Ministry have inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to create geospatial solutions for soil and crop health monitoring. Amidst the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding was Agriculture Secretary Manoj Ahuja.

Market Dynamics:


The increasing funding and efforts for advancing scientific research and agriculture – Scientific research is a key driver behind the increasing need and demand for space agriculture. This research provides invaluable insights into various aspects of plant biology. Growing plants in space allows scientists to study fundamental biological processes under microgravity conditions, informing agricultural practices both in space and on Earth. Understanding how plants adapt to extreme environments, including microgravity, cosmic radiation, and limited resources, can help develop strategies to enhance crop resilience and productivity on Earth. Additionally, research in space agriculture contributes to the development of closed-loop life support systems and regenerative technologies, which are essential for sustaining human life in space habitats. Furthermore, space agriculture provides a unique environment for studying the effects of microgravity and space radiation on plant genetics and gene expression, leading to advancements in crop improvement and genetic modification. Therefore, scientific research in space agriculture is thriving with the rising funding and efforts to advance the same and will contribute to the market’s growth.


The cost and technology constraints Research and development (R&D) costs for innovative cultivation systems, closed-loop life support systems, and regenerative technologies are substantial. Building space agriculture infrastructure, including habitats, greenhouses, and life support systems, incurs high upfront expenses. Launching payloads and transporting equipment to space habitats adds to the overall cost. Many space agriculture technologies are still in the early development stages, requiring time, testing, and refinement to achieve readiness for operational use, which further adds to costs. Therefore, the cost and technological constraints will hamper the market's growth.


Advancements in technology – Advancements in technology have revolutionized space agriculture, making it more feasible, efficient, and sustainable. Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) techniques, such as hydroponics and aeroponics, enable plant growth in controlled environments without soil, optimizing resource use and space efficiency. Automation plays a vital role by controlling factors like irrigation, nutrient delivery, and environmental monitoring, reducing the need for human intervention and ensuring efficient operation of cultivation systems. Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS) integrate biological processes to provide food, oxygen, and water for astronauts while recycling waste products within closed-loop ecosystems. Innovative designs and construction techniques maximize space utilization and ensure structural integrity in microgravity environments. Therefore, technological advancements will drive the growth of the global space agriculture market during the forecast period.

Regional segmentation analysis:

The regions analyzed for the market include North America, Europe, South America, Asia Pacific, the Middle East, and Africa. North America emerged as the most significant global space agriculture market, with a 44% market revenue share in 2023.

The region offers significant investment and infrastructure in space exploration, with organizations like NASA and private companies such as SpaceX driving research and development efforts. Moreover, North America is home to numerous research institutions, universities, and laboratories specializing in agriculture, space science, and biotechnology, fostering collaboration and innovation in space agriculture. The supportive policy and regulatory environment further promote innovation and commercialization in space-related industries, including agriculture.

North America Region Space Agriculture Market Share in 2023 - 44%

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  • According to a new announcement from NASA, astronauts on the Artemis III mission will play a crucial part in conducting the first lunar farming experiments. The purpose of this groundbreaking study is to investigate how the peculiarities of the Moon affect plant life, an important finding for future extended missions and the aspirational goal of landing on Mars. Plant growth and responses to space settings, including radiation and lower gravity, will be better understood given the groundbreaking research done by the Lunar Effects on Agricultural Flora (LEAF) experiment.
Type Segment Analysis

The type segment is divided into plant and seed. The seed segment dominated the market, with a share of around 55% in 2023. Seeds are dormant, embryonic plants encased in a protective outer coating known as the seed coat. They contain all the genetic material, nutrients, and energy needed for germination and growth into mature plants under suitable conditions. Seeds are compact and lightweight, making them efficient for space missions. Their portability allows easier storage and transportation, maximizing space and resource utilization during transit. Seeds possess remarkable longevity, capable of remaining dormant for extended periods without losing viability. This resilience enables seeds to withstand the challenges of space travel, including radiation, microgravity, and temperature fluctuations, while retaining the ability to germinate upon reaching their destination. Seeds exhibit adaptability to various environmental conditions, enabling them to germinate and grow in diverse space habitats with minimal intervention. This adaptability is crucial for ensuring successful crop production in space.

  • In an innovative study carried out at the International Space Station (ISS) National Laboratory, scientists have shown that cotton plants, particularly those genetically engineered to withstand drought, exhibit a remarkable degree of resistance to the extreme conditions of space. The newest edition of 'Upward,' the official magazine of the International Space Station National Laboratory, provides details on this research that has the potential to revolutionize Earthly agriculture. A team from the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) led the experiment, which examined the growth of regular cotton and its genetically modified equivalent in microgravity.
Application Segment Analysis

The application segment is divided into scientific research and agriculture. The agriculture segment dominated the market, with a market share of around 60% in 2023. Agriculture takes precedence over scientific research as the dominant user of space agriculture due to its immediate practical application and critical role in sustaining human life in space habitats. The primary purpose of space agriculture is to provide astronauts with food, oxygen, and essential resources during long-duration space missions. As space exploration progresses towards establishing long-term human presence on celestial bodies like the Moon and Mars, agriculture becomes indispensable for sustaining human life in extraterrestrial environments. Moreover, agriculture represents a significant economic opportunity for exploration and colonization, with potential commercial ventures in space farming and agribusiness. Technological advancements in space agriculture, such as environmental control systems and closed-loop resource management, have broader applications beyond scientific research, benefiting industries on Earth and future space settlements.

  • An introductory workshop on technology utilization for the agriculture industry was held by the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe). Participants in the five-day seminar, which took place in Ghaziabad, learned about the many theoretical and practical applications of space technologies in the agriculture industry.
Some of the Key Market Players:
  • AeroFarms
  • Aeroponics International
  • Blue Origin
  • Canopy Growth Corporation
  • Cronos Group
  • Orbital Technologies Corporation
  • Space Garden
  • Space Tango
  • SpaceX
  • Zero-G Kitchen

Report Description:

Attribute Description
Market Size Revenue (USD Billion)
Market size value in 2023 USD 5 Billion
Market size value in 2033 USD 12.96 Billion
CAGR (2024 to 2033) 10%
Historical data 2020-2022
Base Year 2023
Forecast 2024-2033
Region The regions analyzed for the market are Asia Pacific, Europe, South America, North America, and Middle East and Africa. Furthermore, the regions are further analyzed at the country level.
Segments Type and Application

Frequesntly Asked Questions

As per The Brainy Insights, the size of the global space agriculture market was valued at USD 5 billion in 2023 to USD 12.96 billion by 2033.

Global space agriculture market is growing at a CAGR of 10% during the forecast period 2024-2033.

The market's growth will be influenced by the increasing funding and efforts for advancing scientific research and agriculture.

The cost and technology constraints could hamper the market growth.

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This study forecasts revenue at global, regional, and country levels from 2020 to 2033. The Brainy Insights has segmented the global space agriculture market based on below mentioned segments:

Global Space Agriculture Market by Type:

  • Plant
  • Seed

Global Space Agriculture Market by Application:

  • Scientific Research
  • Agriculture

Global Space Agriculture Market by Region:

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • France
    • U.K.
    • Italy
    • Spain
  • Asia-Pacific
    • Japan
    • China
    • India
  • South America
    • Brazil
  • Middle East and Africa  
    • UAE
    • South Africa


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