Wheat Seed Market

Wheat Seed Market Size by Breeding Technology (Hybrids and Open Pollinated Varieties & Hybrid Derivatives), Type (Spring Wheat Seeds and Winter Wheat Seeds), End-User (Institutes and Farms), Regions, Global Industry Analysis, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2024 to 2033

Base Year: 2023 Historical Data: 2020-22
  • Report ID: TBI-14189
  • Published Date: Mar, 2024
  • Pages: 237
  • Category: Agriculture
  • Format: PDF
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The global wheat seed market was valued at USD 6 billion in 2023 and grew at a CAGR of 4% from 2024 to 2033. The market is expected to reach USD 8.88 billion by 2033. The growing population and the increasing need to establish food security will drive the growth of the global wheat seed market.

Market Introduction:

Wheat seeds are the reproductive units of the wheat plant. Wheat seeds are small, dry grains that farmers plant to grow wheat crops. Wheat serves as a staple food for millions worldwide. The importance of wheat seeds spans various sectors. Wheat seeds are paramount for cultivating wheat, which is one of the most widely grown cereal crops in the agriculture sector. Wheat grains are processed into flour, a key ingredient in many food products, including bread, pasta, cakes, and breakfast cereals. Wheat flour, rich in carbohydrates, proteins, fibre, vitamins, and minerals, forms the basis of many diets worldwide. Wheat seeds also feed livestock such as poultry, cattle, and pigs. Wheat straw, the leftover stem from harvested wheat plants, is utilized in animal bedding, mulching, and paper manufacturing. Wheat germ oil extracted from wheat seeds finds use in cosmetics, skincare products, and pharmaceuticals due to its moisturizing and antioxidant properties. Wheat is traded on commodity markets, and its price fluctuations can significantly impact global economies. Many countries rely on wheat production as a source of revenue and employment, further underlining its economic significance. Wheat plants help prevent soil erosion by stabilizing the soil with their root systems. Additionally, wheat fields act as carbon sinks, sequestering carbon dioxide from the atmosphere during photosynthesis and storing it in the soil, contributing to climate change mitigation efforts.

Wheat Seed Market Size

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Recent Development
  • In a ground-breaking project to support Pakistan's agricultural industry, USAID's Economic Recovery and Development Activity introduces a novel method for producing certified wheat seed in District Mardan, working with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Agriculture Research Department and regional farmers. The "Enhancing Wheat Seed Production through Seed Cluster Approach" project is expected to significantly alter the region's capacity for producing wheat.

Market Dynamics:


The rapidly growing world population – The increasing population contributes to increasing demand for food which further drives the demand for wheat and wheat seeds. Changing dietary preferences associated with economic growth and rising per capita income result in higher consumption of wheat-based products like processed foods and baked goods over other inferior goods consumed before the rise in income. The expansion of the livestock industry fuels the demand for wheat as animal feed due to its nutritional value. The growing focus on renewable energy sources has led to biofuel production, such as ethanol, derived from wheat grains, further driving the demand for wheat seeds. Wheat seeds are also in demand in the paper manufacturing, animal bedding, energy, cosmetics, skincare, and pharmaceuticals industries, augmenting the demand for wheat seeds and cultivation. Therefore, the increasing populations and other associated factors will drive the demand for wheat seeds during the forecast period and contribute to the market's growth.


The maintenance challenges of wheat seed Wheat seeds require specific environmental conditions like low moisture levels and stable temperatures to retain the quality and integrity of these seeds. High humidity can promote fungal growth and seed deterioration, while temperature fluctuations accelerate seed ageing. Pest and pathogen infestation are other significant issues requiring sanitation measures and pest control methods. Over time, stored wheat seeds undergo natural ageing processes, reducing germination rates. The vast majority of farmers have limited access to proper storage infrastructure and resources, leading to post-harvest losses. Therefore, the lack of proper storage facilities contributes to the growing maintenance challenges of wheat seed and hamper the market's growth.


The growing emphasis on food security in the face of climate change – Climate change presents significant challenges to wheat production, impacting both yield and quality. Shifting weather patterns, increased temperatures, and extreme weather events such as droughts, floods, and heatwaves can adversely affect wheat crops. Moreover, the rising atmospheric CO2 levels, given the climate change crisis, further exacerbate wheat production challenges and food security challenges. The rising research and development to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change and enhance wheat resilience will benefit the market's growth. Ongoing efforts to develop climate-resilient wheat varieties through conventional breeding and biotechnological approaches are gaining traction in the scientific, agricultural and agro-business communities. Similarly, precision agriculture techniques, such as remote sensing, data analytics, and digital mapping, facilitate informed decision-making. Therefore, the growing emphasis on food security has facilitated increased research and development towards creating climate-resilient crops, advancing the market's growth during the forecast period.

Regional segmentation analysis:

The regions analyzed for the market include North America, Europe, South America, Asia Pacific, the Middle East, and Africa. North America emerged as the most significant global wheat seed market, with a 39% market revenue share in 2023.

The United States and Canada hold a dominant position in both the production and consumption of wheat. The region benefits from favourable agroclimatic conditions for wheat cultivation. These conditions enable high yields and efficient wheat production. Additionally, the adoption of advanced agricultural technologies and practices enhances productivity. North America has a well-developed infrastructure and logistics networks, facilitating the efficient movement of wheat from farms to processing facilities and distribution channels. This robust infrastructure ensures reliable supply chains and access to domestic and international markets, demonstrating North America's dominant position in the wheat industry. Strong domestic consumption of wheat-based products like bread, pasta, and baked goods also augments regional growth. Ongoing agricultural research and innovation investments drive continuous improvements in wheat genetics and sustainability initiatives, driving the regional market's development and growth.

North America Region Wheat Seed Market Share in 2023 - 39%



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  • Small grain seed types created at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln are supplied to seed growers and affiliates by NU Horizon Genetics. The certified seed of wheat, barley, and triticale varieties created and released by UNL and licenced by NUtech Ventures, the university's technology transfer agency, will be marketed, promoted, and commercialized by NU Horizon Genetics. New barley and triticale and the irrigated wheat variety Epoch have been released.
Breeding Technology Segment Analysis

The breeding technology segment is divided into hybrids and open-pollinated varieties & hybrid derivatives. The open-pollinated varieties & hybrid derivatives segment dominated the market, with a market share of around 77% in 2023. Open-pollinated varieties (OPVs) and hybrid derivatives are bred through natural pollination, maintaining genetic diversity within a population. They offer advantages such as genetic resilience, seed-saving potential, and adaptability to local conditions. OPVs and hybrid derivatives can adapt to diverse agro-ecological regions and reduce input costs through seed saving. Other benefits offered by this technology, such as uniformity in growth and maturity, disease resistance, and commercial appeal, drive its demand in the market. The popularity of OPVs and hybrid derivatives can be attributed to the growing importance of genetic diversity, adaptability, and performance in agricultural systems.

Type Segment Analysis

The type segment is divided into spring wheat seeds and winter wheat seeds. The spring wheat seeds segment dominated the market, with a market share of around 64% in 2023. Spring wheat seeds are popular among farmers due to their shorter growing season. They also offer flexibility in planting and are adaptable to cool climates, allowing crop rotation and access to lucrative markets. Spring wheat is planted in the spring and harvested in the summer or early fall. Its flexible planting schedule allows farmers to adjust planting dates based on weather conditions, optimizing crop performance. Spring wheat varieties are well-suited to cool climates and regions with late springs or early frosts, making them suitable for cultivation in northern latitudes or higher elevations. Spring wheat's specific milling and baking qualities make it highly valued in domestic and international markets.

End-user Segment Analysis

The end-user segment is divided into institutes and farms. The farms segment dominated the market, with a share of around 85% in 2023. Farms are the primary drivers of demand for wheat seeds due to their central role in wheat production and agricultural sustainability. Farms rely on a consistent supply of high-quality wheat seeds to cultivate vast land dedicated to wheat crops each season. Crop rotation, a common farming practice, often involves cultivating wheat to improve soil health and break pest cycles, necessitating the procurement of wheat seeds. Farms prioritize the adoption of improved wheat varieties with traits such as high yield potential and disease resistance, contributing to the demand for new seed varieties. Market demand and economic considerations also influence farms' decisions regarding wheat seed procurement and planting choices.

  • According to an announcement, the Implementing Entity (IE) of the SRTF's agriculture project, "Support Farmers for the Production of Wheat Crop in North Aleppo," has received 500 MT of wheat seeds. Each farmer will get 500 kilogrammes (kg) of wheat seeds to plant two hectares of land, with the wheat being handed to 1,000 farmers for a total of 2,000 hectares of land to be planted. This will support the project's overall goal of reviving wheat production and enhancing food security and livelihoods throughout its Northern Aleppo operational areas. It will also provide other agricultural inputs like fertilizers, agrochemicals, and capacity-building training sessions at Farmer Field Schools.
Some of the Key Market Players:
  • Advanta Seeds
  • Agrovegetal
  • AGT
  • DuPont Pioneer
  • Groupe Limagrain
  • KWS
  • Monsanto
  • Northern Seeds
  • Pro Harvest
  • RAGT

Report Description:

Attribute Description
Market Size Revenue (USD Billion)
Market size value in 2023 USD 6 Billion
Market size value in 2033 USD 8.88 Billion
CAGR (2024 to 2033) 4%
Historical data 2020-2022
Base Year 2023
Forecast 2024-2033
Region The regions analyzed for the market are Asia Pacific, Europe, South America, North America, and Middle East and Africa. Furthermore, the regions are further analyzed at the country level.
Segments Breeding Technology, Type, and End User

Frequesntly Asked Questions

As per The Brainy Insights, the size of the global wheat seed market was valued at USD 6 billion in 2023 to USD 8.88 billion by 2033.

Global wheat seed market is growing at a CAGR of 4% during the forecast period 2024-2033.

The market's growth will be influenced by the rapidly growing world population.

The maintenance challenges of wheat seed could hamper the market growth.

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This study forecasts revenue at global, regional, and country levels from 2020 to 2033. The Brainy Insights has segmented the global wheat seed market based on below mentioned segments:

Global Wheat Seed Market by Breeding Technology:

  • Hybrids
  • Open Pollinated Varieties & Hybrid Derivatives

Global Wheat Seed Market by Type:

  • Spring Wheat Seeds
  • Winter Wheat Seeds

Global Wheat Seed Market by End User:

  • Institutes
  • Farms

Global Wheat Seed Market by Region:

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • France
    • U.K.
    • Italy
    • Spain
  • Asia-Pacific
    • Japan
    • China
    • India
  • South America
    • Brazil
  • Middle East and Africa  
    • UAE
    • South Africa


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